Tuesday, May 27, 2008

Mausoleum of Maussollos

The Tomb of Maussollos, Mausoleum of Maussollos or Mausoleum at Halicarnassus in Greek, was a tomb built among 353 and 350 BC at Halicarnassus for Mausolus, a satrap in the Persian Empire, and Artemisia II of Caria, his wife and sister.

The arrangement was considered by the Greek architects Satyrus and Pythius. It stood approximately 45 metres (135 feet) in height, and each of the four sides was decorated with sculptural reliefs created by each one of four Greek sculptors - Leochares, Bryaxis, Scopas of Paros and Timotheus. The finished structure was considered to be such an aesthetic triumph that Antipater of Sidon identified it as one of his Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.

The word mausoleum has since come to be used generically for any grand tomb, though Mausol - eion originally meant building dedicated to Mausolus.


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